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什么是多工位冲压机械手

时间:2017-08-09  来源:本文转载于网络,由多工位冲压机械手厂家创盈时代整理,欢迎转载,转载请注明出处  点击:248

多工位冲压机械手是用于多工位冲床上加工零件的机械手。冲压机械手向冲床自动上、下料,并实现半成品零件在七个工位之间的转换。机械手主要由气缸驱动,使手臂进行伸缩、横移和升降运动,并分别用液压缓冲器实现缓冲。
The multi-station stamping manipulator is the mechanical hand used for machining parts of a multi-station punching machine. The stamping manipulator is automatically used to feed the punching machine, and realizes the conversion between the half-finished parts in the seven stations. The manipulator is mainly driven by the cylinder, so that the arms are telescopic, transverse and lift, and the buffer is realized by hydraulic buffer. 
 
机械手采用PLC系统进行控制,在设计中绘制出了气压系统工作原理图和PLC控制器的控制程序。此种方式的机械手可以使不同工位进行同时加工,从而提高了劳动效率,而且也提高了生产精度,还降低了人员需求数量,从而减轻了劳动强度,并保证了劳动安全。
The manipulator adopts PLC system to control, and the working principle diagram of air pressure system and control program of PLC controller are drawn in the design. This way the manipulator can make different location for processing at the same time, so as to improve the work efficiency, but also improved the precision of production, also reduces the personnel quantity demand, so as to reduce the labor intensity, and ensure the work safety.  
 

多工位冲床机械手的组成:

Composition of multi-station punch manipulator: 


多工位冲压机械手

 
机械手主要由执行机构、驱动系统、控制系统以及位置检测装置组成。
The manipulator mainly consists of actuator, drive system, control system and position detection device. 
 
1、冲床机械手执行机构包括手部、手腕、手臂和立柱等部件。手部,即与物件接触的部件。由于与物件接触的形式不同,可分为夹持式和吸附式,夹持式手部由手指(或手爪)和传力机构构成。手指是与物件直接接触的部件,常用的手指运动形式有回转型和平移型。回转型手指结构简单,制造容易,故应用较广泛。手腕是连接手部和手臂的部件,并可用来调整被抓取物件的方位;手臂是支撑被抓物件、手部、手腕的重要部件。手臂的作用是带动手指去抓取物件,并按预定要求将其搬运到指定的位置。
1. The actuator of the punching machine includes the hand, wrist, arm and pillar. The hand, the part that touches the object. Because of the different forms of contact with the object, it can be divided into two types: the clamping type and the adsorption type, and the holding type hand consists of the finger (or hand claw) and the transmission mechanism. The finger is the part that is directly in contact with the object, the commonly used finger movement form has the transformation and the peace shift. The transition finger structure is simple and easy to manufacture, so it is widely used. The wrist is the part that connects the hand and the arm, and can be used to adjust the location of the captured object; The arm is an important part to support the object, hand, and wrist. The function of the arm is to drive the finger to grab the object and move it to the designated position as scheduled. 
 
2、冲床机械手驱动系统是驱动机械手执行机构运动的动力装置,由调节装置和辅助装置组成。常用的驱动系统有液压驱动、气压驱动、电动机驱动和机械驱动。
2. The mechanical manual drive system is the power device that drives the actuator of the manipulator. It consists of the regulating device and auxiliary device. The commonly used driving system is hydraulic drive, pneumatic drive, motor drive and mechanical drive. 
 
3、冲床机械手控制系统是支配机械手按规定要求运动的系统。目前工业机械手的控制系统一般由程序控制系统和电气定位(或机械挡块定位)系统组成。控制系统有电气控制和射流控制两种,它支配着机械手按规定的程序运动,并记忆人们给予机械手的指令信息(如动作顺序、运动轨迹、运动速度及时间等),同时按其控制系统的信息对执行机构发出指令,必要时可对机械手的动作进行监视,当动作有错误或发生故障时即发出报警信号。
3. The control system of the punching machine is the system that governs the manipulator to move according to the regulations. The current control system of industrial manipulator is generally composed of program control system and electrical positioning (or mechanical block positioning) system. Control system, which has two kinds of electrical control and jet control, it dominates the manipulator according to the procedures prescribed by the movement, and memory people give manipulator instruction information (such as action sequence, trajectory, velocity and time, etc.), at the same time, according to the information of the control system of executing agencies issued instructions, if necessary can monitor the motion of the manipulator, when there is an error to operate or detect a fault that send out alarm signal. 

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