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常见的机械手有哪些种类?

时间:2017-12-07  来源:本文搜集于网络,由机械手厂家创盈时代整理,欢迎转载,转载请注明出处  点击:144

前几天乌镇的互联网大会已经落下帷幕了,其中透露出最重要的一个信息就是人工智能,也就是未来,在工业领域传统的生产模式会慢慢的被淘汰,取而代之的就是机械自动化。其实机械自动化近几年来已经渗透到工业领域了,只不过普及度还没有那么高,就拿机械手来说,近几年已经被很多企业作为机器换人的战略改造项目,但是如何去选择合适自己企业的机械手呢?今天机械手厂家来为大家普及一下常见的机械手有哪些种类。

A few days ago, the Internet Conference in Wuzhen has come to a close. One of the most important information is AI. That is to say, in the future, the traditional production mode will be phased out in the industrial field instead of mechanical automation. In fact, mechanical automation in recent years has penetrated into the industrial field, but the popularity is not so high, take the mechanical hand, in recent years has been a lot of enterprises as a strategic transformation project of the machine substitutions, but how to choose the appropriate mechanical hand their own business? Today, the manipulator manufacturers have come to popularize the common types of manipulator.


多关节机械手


根据机械手臂运动形式的不同,机械手可以分为四种形式:直角坐标式、圆柱坐标式、极坐标式和多关节式,下面机械手厂家就简单的介绍一下这四种形式的机械手各有什么特点:
According to the different forms of mechanical arm movement, the manipulator can be divided into four forms: rectangular coordinates, cylindrical coordinates, polar coordinates and multi joints. The following manipulator manufacturers will briefly introduce the characteristics of these four forms of manipulator.

1、直角坐标式机械手:手臂在直角坐标系的三个坐标轴方向作直线移动,即手臂的前后伸缩、上下升降和左右移动。这种坐标形式占据空间大而工作范围却相对较小、惯性大,它适用于工作位置成直线排列的情况。
1, the Cartesian coordinate manipulator: the arm moves in a straight line in the three coordinate axes of the Cartesian coordinate system, that is, the front and rear telescopic arms, the up and down movements and the left and right movements. This form of coordinate occupies a large space and has a relatively small working range and large inertia. It is suitable for the linear arrangement of the working position.

2、圆柱坐标式机械手:手臂作前后伸缩、上下升降和在水平面内摆的动作。与直角坐标式相比,所占空间较小而工作范围较大,但由于机构结构的关系,高度方向上的最低位置受到限制,所以不能抓取地面上的物体,惯性也比较大。这是机械手中应用较广的一种坐标形式。
2. Cylindrical coordinate manipulator: the arm is telescopic, up and down up and down, and the movement in the horizontal plane. Compared with the rectangular coordinates, the space is small and the working range is large. But because of the relationship between the mechanism structure, the lowest position in the height direction is limited, so we cannot grasp the objects on the ground, and the inertia is relatively large. This is a more widely used form of coordinate in mechanical hands.

3、极坐标式机械手:手臂作前后伸缩、上下俯仰和左右摆动的动作。其最大特点是以简单的机构得到较大的工作范围,并可抓取地面上的物体。其运动惯性较小,但手臂摆角的误差通过手臂会引起放大。
3, the polar coordinate manipulator: the arm is telescopic, up and down pitching, and swinging around. The most important feature is to get a larger scope of work with a simple mechanism, and to capture objects on the ground. The motion inertia is small, but the error of the arm swing angle is magnified through the arm.

4、多关节式机械手:其手臂分为大臂和小臂两段,大小臂之间由肘关节连接,而大臂与立柱之间又连接成肩关节,再加上手腕与小臂之间的腕关节,多关节式机械手可以完成近乎人手那样的动作。多关节式机械手动作灵活,运动惯性小.能抓取紧靠机座的工件,并能绕过障碍物进行工作。多关节式机械手适应性广,在引人计算机控制后,它的动作控制既可由程序完成,又可通过记忆仿真.是机械手的发展方向。
4, multi joint manipulator arm is divided into: the big arm and small arm two, the size of the arm are connected by the elbow, and between the arm and the post and connected to the shoulder, and between the wrist and forearm wrist joint, multi joint manipulator can be done almost staffing that move for. The multi joint manipulator is flexible in motion and small in motion inertia. It can grab the workpiece close to the seat and can bypass the obstacles to work. Multi joint manipulator has wide adaptability. After computer control, its motion control can be completed by program and memory simulation. It is the development direction of manipulator.

以上就是机械手厂家关于常见的机械手有哪些种类的一些介绍,希望对大家有所帮助,深圳市创盈时代科技有限公司是一家专注于冲床机械手,上下料机械手,冲压机械手,工业机器人,非标自动化设备的研发生产和销售于一体的国家高新技术厂家。

原文地址:http://www.chytime-robot.com/jszc/404.html

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